Interactive Finite Element model of needle insertion and laceration

This paper introduces an interactive model of needle insertion, including the possibility to simulate lacerations of tissue around the needle. The method relies on complementary constraints to couple the Finite Element models of the needle and tissue. The cutting path is generated from mechanical criteria (i.e. cutting force) at arbitrary resolution, avoiding expensive remeshing of Finite Element meshes. Complex behavior can be simulated in real time such as friction along the shaft of the needle, puncture and cutting force resulting from interactions of the needle with the tissue